Partial denture attachments

Discovery Health "How are dental partials and bridges different?"  May 12, 2015 – 01:23 am

By Sara Elliott

How they're made has a lot to do with their differences.

The issue of tooth replacement can get confusing, so let's simplify things a little bit. A partial is a dental prosthetic (artificial tooth or teeth) that can be removed from the mouth somewhat like an orthodontic retainer. A bridge, on the other hand, is a dental prosthetic that's permanently anchored inside the mouth.

Partials are sometimes referred to as RPDs (removable partial dentures). They're often selected as an inexpensive option over a bridge or dental implant for replacing lost teeth. Most partials work in a similar way: Artificial teeth are placed on a molded base to which metal clasps are added. The clasps look like small hooks and fit around the existing teeth situated on either side of the missing tooth or teeth. The base, typically an acrylic tinted pink to look like flesh, rests on the gums (and the roof of the mouth for upper teeth). The clasps and base stabilize the prosthetic, helping to hold the teeth in place.

A partial can be a practical option, particularly when there's the potential for additional future tooth loss. New teeth can be added to a partial pretty easily and inexpensively. Although many of the partials currently in use are made from rigid acrylic with metal clasps, the use of nylon is becoming more widespread. Nylon is a very strong material that can be used to form the framework as well as the clasps, eliminating the need for metal. Another popular new partial material is vinyl. It can be employed to create a flexible base that's more comfortable to wear than rigid acrylic and easier to modify if adjustments become necessary.

Bridges are quite different from partials. They're fixed, permanent, partial dentures. Installing a bridge requires shaving the teeth on either side of the missing teeth and adding porcelain crowns to create anchors for the prosthetic device. The term "bridge" is apt because these types of dentures span the gap between neighboring teeth and are affixed to those neighboring teeth, relying on them for stability and support.


Theory and Practice of Precision Attachment Removable Partial Dentures
Book (Mosby)

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Partial Dentures

I recently got a partial upper denture for one front tooth that is missing.
Any suggestions? I can't eat well in it, it shifts a little. My dentist says I have to get used to it, as it fits as well as it's going to. But I've been taking it out when I eat, and only wearing it outside the house.
I have managed to stop drooling and talking with a slurr. And I've been brushing it with tooth paste and water.
Any tips on how to make this stupid thing more enjoyable. I don't have insurance, I'm making payments now to my dentist for this thing, so a bridge or implant is not an option now.

You can only bridge 1 or 2 gaps

At a time. If you have one tooth, no tooth, one tooth etc. you can do it, I have a 5 piece bridge on my front teeth (2 are missing, 3 are real and holding the bridge up) it's very stable, but I cannot chew anything like apples or corn for fear of breaking off my real teeth and ruining the bridge.
If you're missing 3 or 4 in a row, you'll either have to get implants (I know $$, I still have ...for 3 months, and got it adjusted 7 times, but I still slurred my speach, couldn't eat anything without it putting a lot of pressure on my whole mouth, and it was very awkward putting it in or out in public, and it would occasionally et wedged in and I'd get a pen or tweezers and pry them out, I hated it so much, I paid over $400 for it and just stopped wearing it before I was done paying for it

Health and Beauty (DENTALNY)
  • The perfect degree of flexibility
  • Will not warp nor become brittle
  • Ideal for patients that are allergic to acrylic monomer
  • Can be used in combination with metal framework or precision attachments.
  • Can be Relined and Repaired
Stable Base Attachment Removable Partial Denture: Dental Clinics of North America, Vol 24/No 1
Book (W. B. Saunders Company)
The Dental Clinics of North America, Vol. 24, No.1, January 1980: Stable Base Attachment Removable Partial Denture
Book (W. B. Saunders Company)

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